The choice of the drumsticks depend on what type of music (rock, jazz, metal, pops or classical) you play.
The choice of material, size, and shape of the tip is largely the matter of personal preferences. The drumsticks should feel comfortable in the hands and suitable for sound producing on instrument you want to achieve. For example, drumsticks 7A may be good for a gig in a small area, but it is not applicable for outdoor drum orchestra.
Choose the drumsticks that are comfortable for your hands and fit for your style of play. Sense sticks. Hold them in your hands.
The drumsticks size should fit your hand as in diameter and length (often the most suitable stick length determined by the distance from the inner point of the elbow to the fingertip of your ring finger). If sticks comfortable "sit" in your hand, then you can let sound the drum exactly according your imaginations. Try a few different models of drumsticks for comparison before decide to buy something. When you have accumulated enough experience in playing the drum, you are likely to choose for yourself a certain brand and the ideal model that best suit you.
Wood art .The sound and durability of drumsticks depend on correct choice of wood. The wood texture should not be pronounced, otherwise such sticks fast break.
The structure of wood (dense, soft) influence tear and wear of drumsticks
The hardness of wood wood resistance to changes of shape (deformation) or to destruction of the surface layer by power influences. Hardwood gives a brighter tone, greater attack and sound spreading that many people like.
Density is the ratio of the mass of wood (of wood substance) to its volume. Density is the most important indicator of wood strength: the heavier the wood, the greater the density and strength it has.
No two trees are the same; hence, the wood density differs from a wood log to a log, and even within a log itself. This explains why you feel some drumsticks hard and strong, while the other, are as if hollow whereas it is the same brand and model.
Density of wood depends on its moisture content.
Finishing . By finishing sticks exist:
- Polished without any coating. When grinding process all significant unevenness will be removed from the surface of drumsticks usually by abrasive materials. The natural roughness of wood structure is preserved in so doing that contributes to a better grip between the hand and a drumstick, as well as the absorption of excessive moisture. However, these drumsticks are more liable to destruction unlike varnished drumsticks.
- Varnished. Transparent lacquer coating protects wood from moisture and dust, giving to surface a nice regular intense shine and to texture - contrast. Varnish coating makes them stick surface more resistant. If drumsticks are not polished after varnishing, it is commonly used nitro lacquer and applied it to the surface by spray gun. There is a very big lacquer consumption when varnishing over spry method. When using dipping of drumsticks in lacquer, then further they ate to polish. Just as lacquered drumsticks look worse than polished.
- Polished. Polishing is a process to give to a surface specific smoothness and gloss. Polishing is the highest class of wood surface treatment, whereby previously spread on the surface lacquer layers will maked even and the wood becomes clearly visible texture.
By-turn, there are three methods of drumsticks polishing:
- Polishing liquid (or rubbing varnish). If used this method by applying to thinnest layers of rubbing varnish the surface of drumsticks becomes solid, mirror smooth and glossy. Rubbing varnish is an alcoholic solution of the vegetable origin pitch.
- Polishing by fine sandpaper or other materials. This is a more common method. With this method, the uneven spots on drumstick surface after lacquer application will be smoothed by friction of special polishing materials.
Some drummers do not like lacquered and polished sticks, as they can slip out of sweaty hands while playing.
- Waxing. This is a relatively new method of finishing drumsticks after the grinding process. Its essence lies in the fact that as soon as the sticks are polished, they are coated with a special wax, which gives the surface strength, gloss, smoothness and a certain viscosity. Wax is less “wayward” than lacquer and its easier to apply to the surface. Distinctive feature of waxed drumsticks is that they become less slippery when drummer’s hands sweat while playing. This is due to the specific properties of wax to repel liquid from the surface.
Wood moisture is the moisture content in the wood. As a rule, just a felled tree contains up to 50%-60% moisture, and then it dry up to 12 - 16% moisture content and then it stabilized once and for all. That is why it is extremely important to how the wood will be put into treatment, subjected to artificial drying it to the optimum level of humidity. Typically for the production of wood sticks are dried to between 6 - 14% humidity. The average for the entire drying process takes two weeks. But the exact time of exposure and drying nowhere prescribed, and this is the secret of each manufacturer, which itself specifies how much wood moisture it needs, in order to process it on the machine and get the right quality sticks.
At the outlet of production of sticks for the necessary low humidity, Chart as "breathing" and the amount of moisture therein is constantly changing depending on the ambient humidity. Thus, the sticks will shrivel and swell followed by climate change and humidity, but to what extent, depends on precisely how the wood has been dried prior to their production.
Poor dried wood before processing will be in effect peel, buckle up, sit down, dry out, crack, warp and distort
Drumsticks length. Longer drumsticks have longer leverage and advantage of better reachability of drums, but they are difficult to control. If you want more power by the same diameter, the choice of long sticks is a good decision.
Diameter. The larger drumsticks diameter the heavier weight they have; they contribute to wider sound projection and volume.
Drumsticks weight. Weight affects the sound, power, and your ability to control drumsticks. Heavy sticks sound more "thick" and loud. If the drumsticks are light, they produce "thin" and soft sound.
Heavy sticks have more inertia, so they have more consistent trajectory and they "forgive" the majority of errors, allowing easier to manage them for beginners. Besides, playing with heavier sticks drummer develops endurance regardless of his natural abilities. Therefore, it is a good idea to have in the arsenal additionally heavier drumsticks to advance music capabilities. You will notice that when you switch to a lighter drumsticks them difficult to manage.
Straightness – is an important indicator that contribute to steady feeling of drumsticks balance. At beginning drumsticks manufacturing is the most important to control drying process. Nevertheless, wood is a nature "breathable" material that absorbs moisture, so that the shape and size drumsticks will always be dependent on external environment. So two drumsticks of a pair will never perfect straight.
Rebound absorption depends on the drumstick shape and type of wood the stick made of. The more drumstick absorbs rebound, the less strain on hands and joints, and therefore easier to play. Usually these are the drumsticks of heavy wood.
Sense of “balance“ (center of gravity) and a comfortable grip depends on the wood art, its drying, shape and constitution of drummer’s hands.